“The crucial thing to me is being a diabetic does not stop you from doing anything.” – Theresa May
Age-related factors are important contributors to diabetes development. Once a person reaches middle age, they are typically at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. When it comes to type 1 diabetes, age is either insignificant or has no bearing. One can push themselves toward the safe zone by giving their body the nutrients one needs through a balanced diet and appropriate exercise.
Diabetes is a chronic condition brought on by either insufficient insulin production by the pancreas or inefficient insulin utilization by the body. A hormone called insulin controls blood sugar levels. Uncontrolled diabetes frequently causes hyperglycemia, also known as high blood glucose or raised blood sugar, which over time can seriously harm many different bodily systems, including the neurons and blood vessels.
Age-standardized diabetes mortality rates increased by 3% between 2000 and 2019. Diabetes-related death rates rose 13% in lower-middle-income nations.
Type 1 diabetes
Deficient insulin production is a hallmark of type 1 diabetes, formerly known as insulin-dependent, which necessitates the daily injection of insulin. Its origin and methods of prevention are unknown. Weight loss, visual abnormalities, increased urine excretion, thirst, weariness, and persistent hunger are symptoms that could appear quickly.
Type 2 diabetes
The cause of type 2 diabetes, also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the body’s inefficient utilization of insulin. This particular type of diabetes is primarily brought on by increased body weight and inactivity. Although frequently less severe, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes might be comparable to those of type 1. As a result, the condition may not be discovered until after it has developed problems. This type of diabetes was previously exclusively found in adults, but it is now increasingly common in children as well.
Having blood glucose levels that are higher than usual yet lower than those that are indicative of diabetes is called gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women. Women who have gestational diabetes are at an elevated risk of difficulties both throughout pregnancy and during delivery. In the future, type 2 diabetes is more likely to affect these mothers and possibly their children as well. In contrast to reported symptoms, the diagnosis is made during prenatal screening.
It has been demonstrated that a few lifestyle changes can stop or delay the development of type 2 diabetes. It is advised to take the following actions to help prevent type 2 diabetes and its complications.
- Smoking should be avoided since it raises the risk of diabetes and heart disease.
- Obtaining and keeping a healthy body weight.
- Staying away from sugars and saturated fats to maintain a healthy diet.
Diagnosis and Therapy
Blood glucose testing, which is not particularly expensive, can help with early diagnosis. Diabetes is treated by reducing blood glucose and other known risk factors for blood vessel damage, as well as by diet and exercise.
The following are a few cost-saving measures.
- Regulation of blood lipids as it controls cholesterol levels.
- Screening and treatment for diabetes-related kidney disease’s early warning signals.
- Examination and care for retinopathy.
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